What is the essence of funk for a bass player?
You just feel it. The key is to try and hold the groove down, particularly if you’re in a big band. That’s what a bass player does. The way to learn to play funky is to listen to a funky drummer, they have a lot to do with it too. The bass is the instrument you need to play the longest, apart from the drums, to become truly funky.
Do you get funkier as you get older?
Absolutely. I’m still learning, and I think my playing is better now than it’s ever been. It’s certainly more consistent than it’s been for years. I hear better, I feel better, I understand all forms of music now. My bass playing isn’t as egomaniacal as it was! At the beginning I just wanted to hear bass bass bass, but now I wanna hear where it fits in with the right stuff.
Fingers or pick?
I’ve never used a pick.
You’ve never tried?
I’ve never ever tried. The great bass players don’t need picks… yes, that is controversial. You can get into big arguments with that one.
Do you indulge in five- and six-strings?
I like fours, although I do have two fives at home. Fours are a little bit better for my imagination. Five-strings are good for the low octaves, but my basses have enough of those on them. And sixes are really if you want to do more harmonic stuff.
Do you use effects?
Maybe just a little bit, a flanger here and there. A double octaver, depending on what the song is. I like a real clean sound, a precise sound, you know. My tuning is impeccable, because bass is probably the hardest instrument to get consistently right when you’re playing live, because they don’t really make rooms for bass. You have to treat a bass really good. My tech, Andre O’Neal, works on the bass for like an hour and a half before each show – he’s walking around the venue, making sure that it sounds good everywhere. If it’s a really booming room, I might not kick the volume as loud, for example.
What’s your recording setup?
I like to go direct as well as through an Ampeg B-15. That warms up the sound a little bit. I’ll usually use a mixture of both sounds when it comes to the final cut. I use a Sadowsky preamp to warm it up, too. I used it on Jennifer Lopez’s album. It makes it so you don’t have to work so hard in the mix.
Do you play fretless?
A little bit. I’m not big on fretless – it’s good, but I don’t really need one. It’s basically what they tried to make an electric upright into. I started on upright, I was a classically trained bass player originally, I played with several orchestras including the Chicago Symphony.
How does a background on upright bass help you as an electric bassist?
Well, when I started in the early 60s as a teenager, that was what you did. It was great training – obviously it was good for my technique. It taught me to follow a beat and to be disciplined on the bass. It also helps you with hand positions, control of fingering, controlling the bass itself, being able to play precisely with other musicians, chord changes… because in order to play the upright bass you’ve really got to play it, know what I mean? You gotta be good to play it. It also gives you a strong grip, which is good for me because I have really small hands for a bass player.
Are there any other players you admire?
Of course! Ron Carter, Marcus Miller – a good friend of mine – Stanley Clarke, Nathan East, Christian McBride. We’re all buddies, you know.
Who were your influences?
I love Paul McCartney and the way he picked up the bass and used it to accompany him for songwriting, particularly on Sgt. Pepper. ‘Lucy In the Sky With Diamonds’ is a great bass line. Especially when he went out on the vamp, you know? He had such a warm, rounded sound.
I love the octave fills before the main riff in ‘Paperback Writer’.
Yeah! (hums bass lick) He’s actually under-rated as a bass player. People don’t realise how great a bass player he really was. Think about it – he’s been playing from the 50s until now, and he’s done some of the best bass work ever. It’s funny the way that George Harrison said he was going to play guitar, so Paul just had to go to bass.
Also I like Sting, who is very hip, and James Jamerson at Motown. Fabulous player. Also John Entwistle, although he was a rocker, and most of the guys I admire were the urban guys, you know.
How do you write your bass parts?
First I make a lot of notes and I play and play. Then I put the notes away and I just go for it!